Misunderstanding (ICAO test film) test

6451
Published on April 8, 2017 by Donatas

MISUNDERSTANDING

Today, pilots and controllers use radios to talk to one another. The system depends on clear, precise language. Misunderstandings are common. They cause some of the most tragic air disasters in history. Mistakes can be made for a number of reasons. English is the international language of aviation. But, pronunciation, accent and emotion all to the way any language is spoken. Maintaining clear radio communications can prove challenging to controllers here. When pressure mounts, small misunderstanding can have enormous consequences.

25 January 1990, in the skies of New York, Avianca flight 52 is trying to land in New York, but a driving rain is delaying air traffic into and out of the area. The flight began in Columbia. On its way to New York, it is been routed through a series of holding patterns by ATC controllers. They have used almost all of their fuel while waiting their turn. After more than an hour in holding patterns controllers finally gives the pilots of the Avianca flight permission to land, but in this critical hand-off from one controller to another no one mentions that the plane is running out of fuel.

At JFK, only one runway is being used for landings. Weather at the airport is making approaches difficult.

A dramatic change of wind throws the aircraft of its descend path. The plane is thrown towards the ground by the winds. The fuel tanks of Avianca 52 are all but empty, but the first officer neglects to use the word “emergency” in his radio transmissions to the tower.

“It was a period from the voice recorder transcripted and taped that the captain was not understanding the first officer`s radio communication that were being made in English.”

The engines quit when they finally starve to fuel. Without engine, power Avianca flight 52 crashes into residential neighborhood on Long Island.

The NTSB investigation reveals that controllers didn`t transmit vital information to one another. Radio communication one of the most vital parts of air traffic control failed the passengers and crew.

1) What enables pilots and ATCs to communicate?
They use radios to talk to one another.

2) Why are misunderstandings frequent?
Mistakes can be caused by a number of reasons. They are pronunciation, accent, emotion, communication problems, poor English language proficiency.

3) What factors made the approach of Flight 52 to New York especially difficult?
There were adverse weather conditions delaying air traffic into and out of the area.

4) What did numerous delays lead to?
Flight 52 was router through a series of holding patterns, and as a result they used almost all of their fuel while waiting their turn.

What can be other possible reasons for delays?
At JFK, only one runway was used for landings. This was one more contributing factor.

What can be other possible reasons for delays?
There are several reasons for delays.

Can you give examples?
The first reason is weather. This is probably the most obvious, and most common cause for delayed flights. There are three areas where weather affects flight schedules: at the origin airport, in-flight, and at the destination airport.
The second reason is traffic. Many factors can cause air traffic, and all impact both flight arrival and departure times.
The third reason is go-Arounds. A go-around occurs when an aircraft is just about to land at an airport and the pilot decides it is not safe to land. So you will see (or feel) the plane suddenly increasing altitude, as if it were taking off again. Of course this affects the arrival time for that flight, as it could take up to 30 mins for the aircraft to return and land again.
The fourth reason is technical problems The bane of travelers and airlines alike, mechanical problems affect arrival schedules too.

5) Why was the Approach controller NOT aware of the low fuel level of Flight 52?
In a hand-off from one controller to another no one mentioned that the plane was running out of fuel.

6) What prevented Flight 52 from normal landing on the first attempt?
During approach they encountered a wind shear.

What procedure did they perform?
They executed a missed approach procedure.

7) Did the Fist Officer explain the situation to the ATC clearly?
No.

What was his main mistake?
He didn’t use the word “emergency” in his radio transmissions to the controller.

8) Was the Captain fully aware of what the First Officer was saying?
No.

Why?
The captain didn’t understand the first officer`s radio communication conducted in English.

9) What did the fuel starvation result in?
Engines stopped and aircraft crashed into terrain.

10) According to the investigation, what was the main reason for the crash of Flight 52?
The NTSB investigation revealed that controllers hadn’t transmitted vital information to one another.

11) In your opinion, why are all aviation specialists nowadays required to have good knowledge of English?

In my opinion, nowadays all aviation specialists are required to have good knowledge of English to prevent misunderstanding and to ensure a good communication between flight crew and ATCs even in case when one of the crew member feels bad. Poor level of general English or radiotelephony can lead to misunderstanding and even traffic collisions.

*To increase safety levels there must be a common language to avoid misunderstanding between pilots and controllers. It could be any language. For us it would be much better if it were Russian, but unfortunately it is not.

What can poor level of general English or radiotelephony lead to?
English language proficiency has always been an important factor in providing flight safety. Pilots and ATCs have to know standard phraseology to avoid miscommunication and communication breakdowns during radio exchanges. But Plain English is essential, too, especially in non-routine situations.

Check your comprehension.

Category